Name: Mahatma Ghandi

Alive: 1869-1948

Bio: The primary leader in achieving Indian Independence and is known for his non-violent approach to the campaign of civil defiance. Ghandi was an acclaimed international symbol of peace and human rights. Born 1869 in India, he began work as a lawyer before advocating civil rights for Indians in South Africa and British territories. Ghandi Organised many boycotts and even fasted during his protesting, being given the names Mahatma, meaning ‘great soul’ and ‘Father of our nation’. He was eventually Killed by an assassin, however continued to inspire civil rights movements even to this day.

Quotes:

“Love is the subtlest force in the world”

“Humanity is an ocean, if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean doesn’t become dirty”

Popular Culture:

“Gandhi” – film, 1982

“Welcome Back Gandhi” – film, 2014

Times Magazine’s Man of the Year, 1930

Further Reading­:

  • Ehnath Easwaran, Gandhi the Man: How One Man Changed Himself to Change the World (2011)
  • Rajmohan Gandhi, Gandhi: The Man, His People, and the Empire (2006)
  • Sue Vander Hook, Mahatma Gandhi: Proponent of Peace (2010)