Name: Nicolae Ceaușescu

Alive: 1918-1989

Bio: Nicolae Ceausescu was a Romanian Communist politician in the latter half of the twentieth century. Initially, Ceausescu executed relatively moderate rule, but his regime soon became increasingly violence and repressive, comparable to that of Stalin. Ceausescu executed his control through speeches, media, and his secret the police, the Securitate. He is known for

causing extreme food, fuel, energy and medical shortages and significantly lowering the standard of living in Romania. Ceausescu also had an extensive and ubiquitous ‘cult of personality’, believing strongly in nationalism, nepotism and breaking down ties with the Soviet Union. His rule broke down in the Romanian Revolution in 1989, one of the most brutal revolutions in the disintegration of the Soviet Union.


“Stealing from capitalism is not like stealing out of our own pockets. Marx and Lenin have taught us that anything is ethical, so long as it is in the interest of the proletarian class and its world revolution.”

“We do not understand democracy in its bourgeois meaning – of babbling, lack of discipline, anarchy. We understand democracy as the active participation of the citizens in formulating and implementing the Party’s policy”

Popular Culture:

“The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceaușescu” – documentary, 2010

Praising Ceaușescu’s regime is illegal by law in Romania

Further Reading:

  • Nicolae Ceaușescu, Ceausescu: Builder of Modern Romania and International Statesman (Leaders of the World) (1983)
  •  Stan Newens, Nicolae Ceausescu: The Man, His Ideas and His Socialist Achievements (1972)