Name: Tutankhamen

Alive: c.1341 BCE – c.1323 BCE

Bio: 11th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. The discovery of Tutankhamen’s tomb by Howard Carter in 1922 set off the historical research into this young Pharaoh. It has been estimated that Tutankhamen took the throne at the very young age of eight or nine and died when he was around seventeen. His father, Akhenaten, known as the ‘Heretic King’ had apparently left the state in a bad way, sending Egypt in chaos. It was Tutankhamen’s job, when he took power, to restore Egypt to normality. The young leader restored the old religion to worship the God Amun and not God Aten. He also restored Thebes as the religious centre for Egypt. During his reign, Tutankhamen began repair on many damaged tombs from his father’s reign and built his own tomb in the Valley of the Kings. It is unknown how he died. The discovery of the tomb by British archaeologist Howard Carter transformed society into an Egyptian craze that influenced music, art, fashion, film and furniture. The vast amount of items in Tutankhamun’s tomb are vital for historians understanding Egyptian culture and this ultimately led to the extensive research on his life to be carried out.

Popular Culture:

“The Curse of King Tut’s Tomb” – film, 2006

“Tut” – television mini-series, 2015

Further Reading:

  • Bill Price Tutankhamun: Egypt’s Most Famous Pharaoh (2007)
  • Eaton-Krauss Marianne The Unknown Tutankhamun (2015)
  • R. Rossi, Tutankhamun (2007)
  • Thomas Hoving, Tutankhamun: Untold Story (2002)